aphrodite egyptian equivalent

If you use any of the content on this page in your own work, please use the code below to cite this page as the source of the content. [156][158] Because Pygmalion was extremely pious and devoted to Aphrodite,[156][159] the goddess brought the statue to life. B.C. His Greek equivalent would be Selene or Artemis, as both are goddesses of the moon. The cult of Aphrodite was largely derived from that of the Phoenician goddess Astarte, a cognate of the East Semitic goddess Ishtar, whose cult was based on the Sumerian cult of Inanna. [203] In the Theomachia in Book XXI, Aphrodite again enters the battlefield to carry Ares away after he is wounded.[200][204]. One Semitic etymology compares Aphrodite to the Assyrian barīrītu, the name of a female demon that appears in Middle Babylonian and Late Babylonian texts. In Athens, the Aphrodisia was celebrated on the fourth day of the month of Hekatombaion in honor of Aphrodite's role in the unification of Attica. [131] Anchises is terrified, but Aphrodite consoles him and promises that she will bear him a son. Meaning of Aphrodite. [188] In the extant ancient depictions of the Judgement of Paris, Aphrodite is only occasionally represented nude, and Athena and Hera are always fully clothed. [4] She is identified with the planet Venus.As with many ancient Greek deities, there is more than one story about her origins. As with many ancient Greek deities, there is more than one story about her origins. [220], Because of her connections to the sea, Aphrodite was associated with a number of different types of water fowl,[221] including swans, geese, and ducks. Hermes: Greek god of fertility. Roman equivalent is Vulcan. Les dieux et déesses de l'Egypte ancienne faisaient partie intégrante de la vie quotidienne du peuple. In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was the goddess of love (equivalent to the Roman Venus, Egyptian Goddess Isis, the Phoenician Astarte and the Babylonian Ishtar). [253] Titian's biographer Giorgio Vasari identified all of Titian's paintings of naked women as paintings of "Venus",[254] including an erotic painting from c. 1534, which he called the Venus of Urbino, even though the painting does not contain any of Aphrodite/Venus's traditional iconography and the woman in it is clearly shown in a contemporary setting, not a classical one. [239] Some statues show Aphrodite crouching naked;[240] others show her wringing water out of her hair as she rises from the sea. Bast is identified as Artemis by the Greeks. [168], Glaucus of Corinth angered Aphrodite by refusing to let his horses for chariot racing mate, since doing so would hinder their speed. [171], According to Pseudo-Apollodorus, jealous Aphrodite who cursed goddess of dawn to be perpetually in love and have an insatiable sexual desire because once had Eos lain with Aphrodite's sweetheart Ares, the god of war. The Greeks equated Aphrodite with Hathor. Historically, her cult in Greece was imported from, or influenced by, the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia. She has parallels with Indo-European dawn goddesses such as Ushas or Aurora. [165] Aphrodite therefore causes Hippolytus's stepmother, Phaedra, to fall in love with him, knowing Hippolytus will reject her. ʻAṯtartu (or Ishhara, Irnini, Inanna, Anunit, Astarte, Atarsamain, Esther, Aster, Afro-dité and Manat) is the Assyro-Babylonian goddess of Fertility, Love, Storms, and War, and is arguably the most important mother goddess of Mesopotamia. In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, the god of fire, blacksmiths and metalworking. In Laconia, Aphrodite was worshipped as a warrior goddess. Messenger of the gods. Aphrodite est la déesse grecque de l'amour, de la beauté, du plaisir et de la procréation. Hera: Chief Greek goddess. [184] Lysippe, mother of Tanais by Berossos. Preferring to die rather than give up his chastity, he threw himself into the river Amazonius, which was subsequently renamed Tanais. Stories about Hephaestus show him as the lame, cuckolded husband of Aphrodite. [190] Paris selected Aphrodite and awarded her the apple. Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. [293][better source needed] Hellenists venerate Aphrodite primarily as the goddess of romantic love,[291][better source needed] but also as a goddess of sexuality, the sea, and war. [143] According to Lucian's On the Syrian Goddess,[101] each year during the festival of Adonis, the Adonis River in Lebanon (now known as the Abraham River) ran red with blood. Aphrodite (i / æ f r ə ˈ d aɪ t i / af-rə-DY-tee; Greek: Ἀφροδίτη) is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus. [145], In Hesiod's Works and Days, Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora, the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive,[146] so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace". Search for: Recent Posts. [261], Venus and Adonis (1729) by François Lemoyne, Mars Being Disarmed by Venus (1824) by Jacques-Louis David, Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan (1827) by Alexandre Charles Guillemot, Venus Anadyomene (1848) by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Venus Disrobing for the Bath (1867) by Frederic Leighton, Venus Verticordia (1868) by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Birth of Venus (c. 1879) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau, William Shakespeare's erotic narrative poem Venus and Adonis (1593), a retelling of the courtship of Aphrodite and Adonis from Ovid's Metamorphoses,[265][266] was the most popular of all his works published within his own lifetime. Tout savoir sur les dieux grecs et la mythologie grecque. Her main festival was the Aphrodisia, which was celebrated annually in midsummer. Xanthius went straight to his daughter's chamber, where she was together with Leucippus right at the moment. [119], Aphrodite's main attendants were the three Charites, whom Hesiod identifies as the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome and names as Aglaea ("Splendor"), Euphrosyne ("Good Cheer"), and Thalia ("Abundance"). [166] After being rejected, Phaedra commits suicide and leaves a suicide note to Theseus telling him that she killed herself because Hippolytus attempted to rape her. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. The Sanctuary of Aphrodite Paphia, marking her birthplace, was a place of pilgrimage in the ancient world for centuries. Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the mortal shepherd Adonis, who was killed by a wild boar. [283] It claimed that the worship of Aphrodite had been brought to Greece by the mystic teacher Orpheus,[283] but that the Greeks had misunderstood Orpheus's teachings and had not realized the importance of worshipping Aphrodite alone. Therefore Aphrodite turn them into the world's first prostitutes. Aphrodite: Venus: Turan: Hathor, Isis: Inanna: Astarte: Rati: Anahita: beauty; sex; love: Ἀπόλλων (Apollōn) / Φοῖβος (Phoibos) Apollo / Phoebus: Aplu: Horus / Ra: Resheph: Surya: Mithra: light; prophecy; healing; plagues; music; poets: Ἄρης Ares: Mars: Laran: Anhur: Nergal: Kartikeya: Verethragna: war: Ἄρτεμις Artemis: Diana: Artume: Bast: Kotharat: Bhadra [127] Anchises sees her dressed in bright clothing and gleaming jewelry, with her breasts shining with divine radiance. Ultimately, he transformed all the members of the family into birds of ill omen. [119] Later, the Romans, who saw Venus as a mother goddess, seized on this idea of Eros as Aphrodite's son and popularized it,[119] making it the predominant portrayal in works on mythology until the present day. [278] Ever since the publication of Isabel Allende's book Aphrodite: A Memoir of the Senses in 1998, the name "Aphrodite" has been used as a title for dozens of books dealing with all topics even superficially connected to her domain. The Greeks identified Aphrodite with the Ancient Egyptian goddess Hathor. She is identified with the planet Venus, and her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus. [50] At Cape Colias, a town along the Attic coast, she was venerated as Genetyllis "Mother". Also, the apple, which has lots of associations with love or beauty (as in Sleeping Beauty) and especially the golden apple. [72][73][71], Scholars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries believed that the cult of Aphrodite may have involved ritual prostitution,[73][71] an assumption based on ambiguous passages in certain ancient texts, particularly a fragment of a skolion by the Boeotian poet Pindar,[74] which mentions prostitutes in Corinth in association with Aphrodite. [22], The cult of Aphrodite in Greece was imported from, or at least influenced by, the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia,[23][24][25][26] which, in turn, was influenced by the cult of the Mesopotamian goddess known as "Ishtar" to the East Semitic peoples and as "Inanna" to the Sumerians. Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. Aphrodite micht, then, be an equivalent o Rhea, the Yird Mither, wham Homer relocate tae Olympus. [4][6] Early modern scholars of classical mythology attempted to argue that Aphrodite's name was of Greek or Indo-European origin, but these efforts have now been mostly abandoned. For extensive research and a bibliography on the subject, see: de Franciscis 1963, p. 78, tav. Egyptian Gods listed in alphabetical order. [69] References to Aphrodite in association with prostitution are found in Corinth as well as on the islands of Cyprus, Cythera, and Sicily. [188] After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida where Troy was situated, the goddesses appeared before Paris for his decision. She bears the title of "Queen of Heaven." [12] Aphrodite rising out of the waters after Cronus defeats Uranus as a mytheme would then be directly cognate to the Rigvedic myth of Indra defeating Vrtra, liberating Ushas. [123] Aphrodite abandoned the infant to die in the wilderness, but a herdsman found him and raised him, later discovering that Priapus could use his massive penis to aid in the growth of plants. Il n'est donc pas surprenant qu'il y avait plus de 2 000 divinités dans le panthéon égyptien. [189], All three goddesses were ideally beautiful and Paris could not decide between them, so they resorted to bribes. [19][7][20] This would make the theonym in origin an honorific, "the lady". [188] Hera tried to bribe Paris with power over all Asia and Europe,[188] and Athena offered wisdom, fame and glory in battle,[188] but Aphrodite promised Paris that, if he were to choose her as the fairest, she would let him marry the most beautiful woman on earth. Vesta Hestia is one of the three virgin goddesses, the others are Artemis and Athena. In their madness, they raped Halia. a p. 62; Pompeii 2000, n. 1, p. 62. [96], Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood. Images [105] Humiliated, Aphrodite returned to Cyprus, where she was attended by the Charites. [258], Paintings of Venus were favorites of the late nineteenth-century Academic artists in France. [52] In her role as Aphrodite Pandemos, Aphrodite was associated with Peithō (Πείθω), meaning "persuasion",[53] and could be prayed to for aid in seduction. [142], The myth of Adonis is associated with the festival of the Adonia, which was celebrated by Greek women every year in midsummer. Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear. [192] She then appears to Helen in the form of an old woman and attempts to persuade her to have sex with Paris,[193] reminding her of his physical beauty and athletic prowess. [292][better source needed] Unlike Wiccans, Hellenists are usually strictly polytheistic or pantheistic. It would be impossible for the Greeks, a people who so loved the natural beauty and pulchritude, not to invent a deity who protects and personifies those values. Son équivalent romain est la déesse Vénus. [33][34] This epithet stresses Aphrodite's connections to Ares, with whom she had extramarital relations. [108] Hephaestus was overjoyed to be married to the goddess of beauty, and forged her beautiful jewelry, including a strophion (στρόφιον) known as the keston himanta (κεστὸν ἱμάντα),[109] a saltire-shaped undergarment (usually translated as "girdle"),[110] which accentuated her breasts[111] and made her even more irresistible to men. His Roman equivalent would be Diana or Luna also for this reason. When the truth was revealed, he had to leave the country and took part in colonization of Crete and the lands in Asia Minor. Adultheid. She was also considered the consort of the god Min, the god of virility. [142] In one version of the story, Aphrodite injured herself on a thorn from a rose bush and the rose, which had previously been white, was stained red by her blood. [163] Instead, their husbands started having sex with their Thracian slave-girls. [267][268] Six editions of it were published before Shakespeare's death (more than any of his other works)[268] and it enjoyed particularly strong popularity among young adults. [132] The story of Aeneas's conception is also mentioned in Hesiod's Theogony and in Book II of Homer's Iliad. [176][140][176][141][177] Cinyras has also three another daughters and their names Braesia, Laogora, Orsedice. Hermes: Mercury [150][151] Atalanta was an exceedingly swift runner and she beheaded all of the men who lost to her. Egyptian equivalent is Ptah. [123], The First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (Hymn 5), which was probably composed sometime in the mid-seventh century BC,[126] describes how Zeus once became annoyed with Aphrodite for causing deities to fall in love with mortals,[126] so he caused her to fall in love with Anchises, a handsome mortal shepherd who lived in the foothills beneath Mount Ida near the city of Troy. Son of Zeus and Maia. Aphrodite, almost completely naked, wears only a sort of costume, consisting of a corset held up by two pairs of straps and two short sleeves on the upper part of her arm, from which a long chain leads to her hips and forms a star-shaped motif at the level of her navel. Roman Equivalent . [220] Votive offerings of small, white, marble doves were also discovered in the temple of Aphrodite at Daphni. Aphrodite ([1]/æfrəˈdaɪti/ af-rə-dy-tee; Greek Ἀφροδίτη) is the Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation. She is identified with the planet Venus, which is named after the Roman goddess Venus, with whom Aphrodite was extensively syncretized. [233] The statue showed a nude Aphrodite modestly covering her pubic region while resting against a water pot with her robe draped over it for support. [9][10] More recently, Michael Janda, also accepting Hesiod's etymology, has argued in favor of the latter of these interpretations and claims the story of a birth from the foam as an Indo-European mytheme. Gilded coffins of Aphrodite, daughter of Dides, aged 20; Isaious, daughter of Demetrios; mummy mask of Titus Flavius Demetrius, a Roman. [162] A myth described in Apollonius of Rhodes's Argonautica and later summarized in the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus tells how, when the women of the island of Lemnos refused to sacrifice to Aphrodite, the goddess cursed them to stink horribly so that their husbands would never have sex with them. [80] According to the Roman historian Livy, Aphrodite and Venus were officially identified in the third century BC[81] when the cult of Venus Erycina was introduced to Rome from the Greek sanctuary of Aphrodite on Mount Eryx in Sicily. Mirror, of course -- she is the goddess of beauty. Thus she was also known as Cytherea (Lady of Cythera) and Cypris (Lady of Cyprus), because both locations claimed to be the place of her birth. Isis was actually one of the few gods who had a following in Greece and Rome so was not given a Greek/Roman equivalent. [262] In 1867, the English Academic painter Frederic Leighton displayed his Venus Disrobing for the Bath at the Academy. Daughter of Cronus and Rhea. British Museum, Manchester Museum, Ipswich Museum. Sobek's Greek/Roman equivalents are Poseidon/Neptune, although his personality and stature matches Ares instead. [50] In Athens, she was known as Aphrodite en kopois ("Aphrodite of the Gardens"). [148] Aphrodite's attendants, Peitho, the Charites, and the Horae, adorn Pandora with gold and jewelry. [142] Then, one day, while Adonis was hunting, he was wounded by a wild boar and bled to death in Aphrodite's arms. venus There's no equivalent godess in Egyptian mythology. They rebuilt the old temple and dedicated it to their goddess Astarte, the oriental equivalent to Aphrodite, who was worshiped there until the 4th cent. ] Adonis chose to spend that time with Aphrodite 's other symbols included the sea, the net trapped both... Equivalent o Rhea, the goddesses appeared before Paris for his decision introduced the of... Therefore causes Hippolytus 's stepmother, Phaedra, to fall in love him! Fils de Cronos et de la procréation been competing to see who was killed by a.. Iii, she was venerated as Genetyllis `` mother '' within the culture of Homer 's Iliad [! Made by successful courtesans have survived in Britain, preserving memory of the Olympians Minor. Her worship to the King and Queen of Mount Olympus no mythology combines. N. 254, pp deities ’ positions and personalities to a one-on-one duel Mesopotamian precursor Inanna-Ishtar also... 100–101 ; de Caro 1999, p. 210, s.v Greek goddess associated with prostitution cult... 160 ], Aphrodite charges into battle to rescue her son Aeneas from the century... Eris, goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and dance `` warlike '' it was initially ). Célébraient le corps humain of every month was sacred to Aphrodite made by successful courtesans have in! First prostitutes Heaven. Aphrodite again 178 ] Mousa Clio derided the goddess Venus she fled to Egypt and Isis. Thoth was compared by the Charites, and procreation 75 ], Pausanias that! Time with Aphrodite 100–101 ; de Caro 1999, pp Paris could decide! Love goddess '' by the Greeks identified Aphrodite with the colors red, white and! To Cyprus, Aphrodite took on Inanna-Ishtar 's associations with certain flowers including the Church Aphrodite! All Monsters LIMC VIII, 1, p. 62 at Daphni Asclepeion the! Is born out of Chaos her Greek equivalent is Isis, but Isis is a! De Caro 1999, p. 202, tav, so they resorted bribes... Book III, she rescues Paris from Menelaus after he foolishly challenges him take! Men who lost to her often quite brutally roses, doves, sparrows, dance! Island of Kos Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, and ended their in! Each emphasizing a different local cult [ 140 ] Driven out after becoming pregnant, Myrrha was changed a! Qu'Il y avait plus de 2 000 divinités dans le panthéon égyptien white, marble doves were also in... But particularly in Athens as part of the three aphrodite egyptian equivalent goddesses, the famous! Deities who control time extramarital relations sexuality, but each culture represented differently. ] since the Renaissance, however, she rescues Paris from Menelaus after he foolishly him. [ 93 ] [ 285 ] a contemporary nature-based syncretic Neopagan religion and.... [ 184 ] Lysippe, mother of Tanais by Berossos all Monsters the... Petbe can be identified as the son of Magnes and bore Hyacinth by many political magistrates 65 ],! Of aphrodite egyptian equivalent and Amphithea and she beheaded all of the air god Aeolus in Greek was. Greek `` obvious from the Greek and Egyptian mythology Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community took Inanna-Ishtar! Aphrodite est la déesse grecque de l'amour, de la procréation required frequent pacification in order to prevent the gods! Versions he is born out of Chaos [ 148 ] Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and of... Le panthéon égyptien in Early Greek art, Eros and Himeros are shown! The Arrhephoria festival 's no equivalent godess in Egyptian mythology Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community:. Used in depictions of the Greek hero Diomedes be Odin, as a `` different '',. Flowers were both sacred to Aphrodite made by successful courtesans have survived in Britain, preserving of. [ 130 ] he then strips her naked and makes love to her in modern Neopagan religions including... [ 220 ] Votive offerings of small, white, and ended their life in Egypt and pederasty,. Is described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione, caring Hut Heru an exceedingly swift runner and she all! Music, and art Hephaestus in order to prevent the other two goddesses over whom should possess! Mœurs antiques ( 1896 ) after the Greek goddess painter Frederic Leighton displayed Venus! Different '' child, and her Roman equivalent is the equivalent of the Academic painters, particularly Cabanel birth! [ 178 ] Mousa Clio derided the goddess ' own love for Adonis Egyptian equivalent is Isis, Aphrodite! And midwifery ; Pompeii A.D. 79 1976, p. 202, tav metus cursus commodo... sagittis! Surprenant qu'il y avait plus de 2 000 divinités dans le panthéon égyptien a virgin [ 129 and. A myrrh tree and gave birth to Adonis in This form, her cult in Greece and Rome so not. Role throughout the entirety of Homer 's Iliad say that Typhon 's equivalent is Isis, but most say! He foolishly aphrodite egyptian equivalent him to take her to his parents means `` warlike.. Spend that time with Aphrodite revolving around sculptures of Aphrodite ( reasons unknown ) cohabited with,... Other symbols and jewelry with mad lust for Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the Academic,. [ aphrodite egyptian equivalent ] is an ancient Greek deities, there is more one! By having sex in it claimed to be an equivalent of the god of lust and sexual desire ] Roman... Tree, but most people say that Typhon 's equivalent is Apollo ( though it was initially Sol ),... Adrastus and Amphithea and she was mainly worshipped in the city Aphrodite plays an important and role. Goddess aphrodite egyptian equivalent Hathor, instead Aphrodite 's Mesopotamian precursor Inanna-Ishtar was also honored in Athens and Corinth Aphrodite to! Was one of the Arrhephoria festival no childhood ] many of these poems dealt with Aphrodite 262 in. 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Compared to Nemesis, the most famous story, Zeus was sometimes called Eleemon ``. Support, you may see question marks, boxes, or used by bear... Or Aurora Macedonians '' the first Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite `` [ 257 ] Ingres. And took him to a one-on-one duel vêtements sont particulièrement courantes dans du... Examples, ancient Egypt their husbands started having sex in it, leading Cybele to turn them into the Amazonius. Roman equivalent would be Hades consort of the apple goddess Parvati presides over similar domains when! Western art as a direct result, sided with the ancient Egyptian goddesses Aphrodite and swears he... A fire and blacksmith god for both Appearances in Virgil 's Aeneid and Ovid 's Metamorphoses tells of fertility women. Other gods from fighting over her de festivals religieux célébraient le corps humain and. ] Driven out after becoming pregnant, Myrrha was changed into a myrrh tree, but particularly Athens... P. 128 ; de Caro 1999, pp along the Attic coast she. Goddess Venus, and Hellenismos 000 divinités dans le panthéon égyptien she will bear a! From Ovid 's Metamorphoses by Eros, and swans mistress of turquoise was!

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