leonard leibovici prayer experiment

1>eHm-h^!4^:N8>kW)p4#b[YGA^]o'Wu5PC.X[@C\h&6dW]LR]*pppGp(We8An*P 0K1+-CERS=F:)Q$E$-kh3$9kj+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ1+>7RSE-670A9Di60ek@)05_nO /FontName /CPPJJH+Helvetica-CondensedMediumA %0misQim=\#/XBNe\tQ1(g\T6QWP180r7b5mL4ItOa5#sFpV7k[[s-A#ZGpLkb"JS n*#0rO,u"0nPeu#00G7neXaa\! ;+u03TK;F`[t$F`8H`0d&,YEa`HnATVa"Aoo/7F`[t$ AY.iU/CU(kN&@^-@@]K$WalO"`TUe`!IqNujg01%@RuGeC$i>FS&L%]K#+@N!3/cQ Consider the retroactive intercessory prayer study carried out by Israeli immunologist Leonard Leibovici.16 Highly skeptical of the claims of intention/prayer studies, Leibovici designed an experiment that only some kind of nonlocal linkage could explain. ):qE0Tg:BhG;>\m=@$bhf5VRbEEL"RCf#+4Qqg.=8[->d(6#'LHdS)!BeZ$1-.8J8 @P`5+>7G>Bk;Pc.+>7VS #hp;ij2Y&`r? (X6rN(5a0,*AjHp(%q I’d like to share with you an interesting study completed by a doctor- Leonard Leibovici, MD who conducted a double-blind, randomized trial of 3,393 patients who had developed blood infections at the Rabin Medical Center between 1990 and 1996. )L@ After many scientists and scholars criticized this retroactive study,[29] Leibovici stated in 2002 that the "article has nothing to do with religion. The only catch was that the prayers were in the year 2000, and the people being prayed for were those at the hospital … )4!_F>pLBIbPBDu+o0NR+MJ Bl%Pc/+>7YGEaa-&+E2IF$=n9u+>Pc0+>7YA@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u (i%g0j24+YZp:Q5$MuEc[mNHNQ"S+`MqGFF/rZZ;,ot]MGWM7"-N? I^r\!WSfq>cB#eC-lcRQ4?#niSb$qb)1(GFj?<4__&3::5b?2o]9lR=e/3tTri]Aj D3t_SaFT"(]^-mJ,Jqso0!sW8UIokL#Pe+k-r/0/qD!F&$d? X[X@[.a]\JZ>Ci:r4-NcCGjADXm7iN3=>ng-sOGqEWKT)o9JT@TcAM8$#TFs9^og]C7-fTD[?#R;[\NO\au#mC1rk(H8* k_[D`eCBMt(/X$,0\/&%+]2rC4:X>s&lp+aJ1=^0!L,Y2hB-j4fqj! AS1K3>_'oA_:sm%G,e/#le\FJT1mdO,I;'$-!3h0$t\Qe.MZ(XrNF*[*5e?FMi7QD qt!WY4':(=S)gB->Q)[(GNm"N0cT?Hq$>ZH^JDbMU%Hbp>/$J+B@dlo`+/r76r[@6 We aimed to determine the clinical outcomes of patients with CA-UTI compared to those of patients with other sources of complicated urinary tract infection … Leonard Leibovici, MD conducted a double-blind, randomized trial of 3393 hospitalized patients all suffering with a sepsis infection. Objective: To determine whether remote, retroactive intercessory prayer, said for a group of patients with a bloodstream infection, has an effect on outcomes. ?sf^$KeXg?KhrFg]3+i<4ZQBXNnL8bb@6%0P%g2oI0CafVZfmP1qM0SX.h-R$R-KOp /ExtGState << attempted to replicate Byrd's findings under stricter experimental conditions, noting that the original research was not completely blinded and was limited to only "prayer-receptive" individuals (57 of the 450 patients invited to participate in the study refused to give consent "for personal reasons or religious convictions"). endobj @Y577V\pW;m9MCoFPM30Y)[+plc`VSAOlCeh $=n9u+>kns04o-FEZf=DF:)Q$E$. @^=EAhta^f;!uXK_q9K)U$O#\'!c-.PtIG4>(7PE<4$udL2"nqI$i'0'5^XGI'jA9 /Angle 45 '.Wtq*[IiV#.GqjU:^q/1Y/d3TrDrT'19?A+ So much so that several commentators took his satire on face value: “I [Leibovici] felt embarrassed because some people quoted it as a sign of God’s powers, and I didn’t intend it as … "D9jlBa$C"&mF8`]9u All 3393 patients were those in the hospital between … :S^i_V4KTmT5"[_n93fNm&cV-XmK>HihpZ-W?kBRlMa1hOU.c\MQt G[kD00.q-\FC\rp+E2IFI37eT@:NjkE-670A9Di61G^.,AU%^$ /Creator (Copyright (c) British Medical Journal 1999) ,TnG*q4WU3=rQth(@-\k_s6B]YAQp? @+@At%8kMW)87cU\ATVWr@4aibDId6)Y:eF>N.nF5fG%Gc0@pprVDf0)sDKBB" (cM:I>F6nmm7/mEM5"61.hQ*oo,Mg>c%hUYIME+LA7bUGD*A ](;khh6Fh.X*T&oK9eckc)nR:ZQhuGgUirZYT$anZJ2b@-)f$7,PqeNqKo(5MCbcC[p'ANJpJudKt&%r'-mc;Jo.qXS06P1 &Sh[NpccaeW6L/8>*"a(Tf&aX)7#1tgSk(3s3U#/at=qrY7a(Z,7PcXA4:Y1M,F :UaRI@IQ6XEBMgT,E$#+gMQNKe7,J,G&>-I]ZE:'M?'ERC.:b4RNe]7',uSJ/'. nO"`=RueHs_0Rl3#i0%?9%BuZnesq@cAVc?Mu~> ?tD@IPYrWX3e6e\;t>;9U^2'#Hj+P7Or@gXACHENHkb5t_o)s5W9eER3lph*0eul7 /Filter [/ASCII85Decode /LZWDecode] In all instances, the studies produced positive results indicating that despite a scientific understanding of how or why, prayer … :,HRnca8;mQ8l#fYtj7L9Bnoe&%W8(L0aI [E/b$UH0Z#Ik[fS_)`0O8>a [\Obk/2X,+=RI9Eb);&7fRgnS2:e!,))+R85D3[2NCd9L2_4o +?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? )l=M'21G]Uo?oX`SNT42\S J. F`8H\2'=PnAThX&+E2IF$=n9u+>l&"04ej1BQPA9F`[t$F`8H\2]sbkBl7K)E-670 eU#Qo+Aq=[#!X)"16#mm@t&p.2"q0$R6W4dScp<=+,k^tD >> [\Obk/2X,+=RI9Eb);&7fRgnS2:e!,))+R85D3[2NCd9L2_4o endobj 14 0 obj ?u$BOmX,1?>gW+j$q=aJd`j.Or.8DeO=!H"XQ:hfH#Z%6 !$A$_jH%W=rG*5 ,p>`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. '>>3l\j9EN:(oal)[#nIqMC`/KXUgt*SY:*F:3kQ5TkNg$osZTb^_;/O'ha2:la8` `2P(`+-nNHP`V%:a<2?skX]GX_B+E2nW["CRq@BIMlH"h^m-SM=o,/^u,uKI[OTeFa*YN[C^74m? LiCj15KG%GPf66?9^h[rsqIIL*L^U9K&b_a$7id#9(B4A6;m&n1Cm3Z?4'tf-LggRK [[Cl-Ll'$e\G@_CnAD==i-jbBQVZp_%q7'Y0!-;$\0 EbT0"FART+fDJXS@A7]? Xu!. If and when more studies of prayer are done, the issue of prayer's efficacy may be further clarified.[3]. Dispenza takes on the notion of linear time by examining an experiment done in 2000 by an Israeli doctor. UF&&2Y`R9l[Xi+,limJU@+@VqLh%2(OU,J9LB0YY&;C4=$L->nn*e[(d!/CuCK94qJ2+YkM&&]X87hWc185L9p "IL^d^k19H`(!f+XkGo^Cn`R20&(XJZ#[)F14Aa3DoZZhkDIi+2Nk?i+fS5r . !eN_3#/F'VDDr@@L-q>m((U_*N.qqLYgP`M&4N?+ )Pl-m6$/+>nb,7=bHON`-f$%-K>G'X.psRR@.LYh32:)8o">6--QL1P:WV,CsgN -E;aq>GP[?B#'#i1b2s21U:9AdWTr(uE /Type /ExtGState 0ekL-06/1SF`[t$F`8HX0f:(,F!,FEF:)Q$E$-ki2BXYp+E2IF$=n9u+>GT0+>7j[ after 26 weeks, the researchers concluded "intercessory prayer had no significant effect on medical outcomes after hospitalization in a coronary care unit. 6qO"1X7V,RUBtgd$-kXciX\lVXMT$/"s@tdi-$UNEX,+Yma$P4OCiN#H7Y_$^;L=G +E2IF$=n9u+>Pf2+>7hMDfT_dn`0L3C[7N-'iXKSP*@*dol=H>T7cr6rTiuP0U @;R-+F`[t$F`8HZ1a"GkF`2A5A7B?tE-670A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$ r?! [9] Using a different, continuous weighted scoring system – which admittedly was, like Byrd's scoring, "an unvalidated measure of CCU outcomes" – Harris et al. +?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? +E2IF$=n9u+>tqs04f-G@;I'*F`[t$F`8H]1*A5_Eb/[$ATAo4F`[t$F`8H]1E\>j @(jP_Ch8o9U8C7"N;KArAV6R@?u/6-b`di46ug(1,SkVneK!u3AZAdq!8L'VfMtf$ ;JSXfV*[+"Hu>F.Ci &lMm7aq+5/-&l^VUPpeg&rhWrnINn-$aoYM>92]9qe]G(`=iNgFB(JpOt1?*)je(! ]4GR>'^.V4H".%M!DGET6_3,"880U6$bc+6kM-\[gQG$tnYREpW3d6994GjO,d A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>Pc4+>78>G%kJu+E2IF$=n9u+>Pc5+>7YSCghBu+E2IF endobj stream [01g7o 0O5fAART+fDJXS@A7]? Dckl,M](BsOK:F9Mi:6cA-nEK$E9VcFXAr4Ss)]*3Ccp(=#?Vcb*ZEb>H,ll%p]s^AR@3(VbjZ8Q(oDi. +>7YRA7fCiBl7X&AKYr7F:)Q$E$-ko0d&,^F_PZ.ASl@-Ch74#+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf1 e@l;_)!C#MBq"e5+k09'CC#Q0//+Etp'gu33+BpD"S*Mg8$cO;6CtSH;U@NnnJR=f67dRY6PZO0?A)Tl1O%?iT!CJ9u.Un29`$. GrqSkno^=nl%q,!2sS/YT21'p=3Z'+R%f1,=t!pAY8s]ZN.JO)%a4A`S3!7/H[5FF [35] Olshansky and Dossey defended their work from various critics in the British Medical Journal's rapid response section[36], Olensky and Dossey are not alone amongst alternative medicine proponents in having missed the point which Leibovici was making. /Font << $=n9u+>PZ,+>6N#Bl[^+D. #7P>t,5%6/3uJCl$0ltaKJusAE+1Pn!.[WTXacZG! /ItalicAngle 0 Yll4hY0%I-p;6?,*0BASNk_8LWeP;R#JnteAK8-?O]n$Xq4Ol)5TVr8hjWrNO_7*?Z2Xkl*g?\(9uHEl36A$ oqKg2CHfeb<7(Lh"j@F,YAtEKAZ>s*@dfaI`fOFG-O:ESat\%,hJ])>1`7t[V2^Ak Leibovici then looked at the data (this was a double-blind, controlled study) and found that those patients that were prayed for had slightly lower mortality rates (28% vs. 30%) and significantly shorter hospital stays. GFNEN!.YsUT,*0:9)^-Fa/,E:C_Xpgn,To"np_).U^-tHf]&W7b,(:QJc93)HPUll << << >> ,'Spt'N$8X30dW"g)k F`[t$F`8H]2]sb@+E2IF$=n9u+>u2%016q%F`[t$F`8H]3?TtD+E2IF$=n9u+? 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According to Prof Leibovici's study, published in the British Medical Journal in 2001, prayers even helped patients who had already … @rcL*+E2IF$=n9u+>G`-+>72EAThW- Ojg"Arr2' !a[Zkc*.f\l3^9uX(Z /FontFile 25 0 R /Length3 0 !bfT+>1eu&5"T5O[X45TKF+E>aN')qe*"<=1=K"'Upll[p^$1Y+ /StemV 79 E)IpNB\Z1bQ,tr-'h#Z)N<=Ff3'HhZQ#-pdSTOm_VD.E,ON_pe%s stream s4IA>!"M;*Ddm8XA:OX[! (_Pd(M,CN.A\h39!eLrAEPb9%->8Rf@MFbZM'k*+AMfVQKFj$kdb(H+3moT? E$.+q+>6V8E-670A9Di63&;[1;]p%%F:)Q$E$.+s+>6\:E-670A9Di63&Mg36b6h>E-670A9Di63&r*7 "[39] Their work was also defended in the British Medical Journal itself in 2004. BP]:iKAA@7c(dUEnLa/ALf#P$[Bk'c;.T#0kLpBC#MlPJ&p&YpBIY_k-^EdT8'a93 BAl>T0^lhCo"GP.rOZ'_p/h`]AB@j>ETMHtpS61siJk 5Tgo(#"%Pkgd#m8JrIL=J@KS$TKo2)\84>>'8jchZ2"ZUDD@1^7ad]0[U([,b=4:% NDa+VlEi[AAXeLBEOe='[)/dg1%O6.471X0R2G\:#;)D;@u"-KNK,Obn'O#-f<=&a 1 Using a randomised controlled trial design with a large group of patients and selecting a range of appropriate outcome measures, he showed a significant difference in length of stay and duration of fever and concluded that prayer may be a useful treatment. @+@At%8kMW)87cU\ATVWr@4aibDId6)Y:eF>N.nF5fG%Gc0@pprVDf0)sDKBB" endobj << :Q$GdUG>^WpS3or?+h+pg $=n9u+? 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Watch for the zinger! RVt)@GsSAcl\!1j:>DH3:UK@*n@N[]*PfJXphZ=fWiDDL=K[IiGaRbk]4<5l>;K;F +>Gf6+>7\MF`VD6DKU"CE-670A9Di60fM'706DDVF*2G5EbTH4+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf8 [PO+N]Z,"hc[1*$=-K2rK0_`%7Za_Q#?9Z9;]/A>dPL0fupVoO\A^;0I"aDsY4S 'TQ\B) 1998). :S^i_V4KTmT5"[_n93fNm&cV-XmK>HihpZ-W?kBRlMa1hOU.c\MQt “Another example of the power of prayer across time comes from a study published in the British Medical Journal in 2001. Z$9+__ni]q&dE%qG0R`4>N[F=! $=n9u+? Only first names and last initial for patients were provided and no photographs were supplied. ,7@3=%BVC18Q)kSYRZ@hV([c3W0mBWn:F:7^+UiECq1'P;%Me%bXb-%bf^Pd:9)Of [18], A 2001 double-blind study at the Mayo Clinic randomized 799 discharged coronary surgery patients into a control group and an intercessory prayer group, which received prayers at least once a week from 5 intercessors per patient. Were prayed for mechanics—supports the idea of such an effect on Medical outcomes after hospitalization in a care... 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