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Kann, Josephine. She was a multifaceted talent who used her experience from plenty of travels to the Middle East to frame and influence policies of the British Empire. Verified Purchase. They ordered her home instead (the young man died nine months later). She died on July 12, 1926 in Baghdad, Mandatory Iraq. All Rights Reserved. Her grandfather, Sir Isaac In 1892 Bell traveled to Tehran (now in Iran) to visit her uncle. Her mother died in childbirth two year after Bell's birth, and a stepmother raised the young child. She also started and directed the Iraq Museum. Perhaps her greatest work was a masterly official report on the administration of Mesopotamia during the difficult period between the Armistice of 1918 and the Iraq rebellion of 1920. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. In 1888 Bell earned a degree from the University of Oxford. see review. Returning to the political and intellectual salons in England and Europe for a decade, she did not until 1899 embark on the career of Arabian activities that made her famous. Corrections? She was a key member in Brit Daughter of the Desert: The Story of Gertrude Bell, Bodley Head, 1956. London. When the Turkish soldiers of the Ottoman government arrived, they found a nearby village deserted, the inhabitants having fled for fear of retribution. Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. Winstone, H.V.F. And yet, as Winstone demonstrates, such labels fail to do justice to her or to her […] At the city of Alexandretta in southern Turkey she hired a servant, Fattuh, who was to stay with her for the rest of her life. After the war, she was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the region.

The Observer Biography books. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired her as an advisor on Arabia. Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. Archaeologist, linguist, and the greatest woman mountaineer of her age, in 1921 she drew the boundaries of the country that became Iraq. On ne sait si c’est là un témoignage d’amitié sincère. When war broke out in Europe in August 1914, Turkey, which then controlled all of the Middle East, joined Germany in the fight against Great Britain. She returned to Baghdad and soon developed pleurisy. After the war, she was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the region. Gertrude "Trudy" Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist, who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George H. Hitchings and Sir James Black for their use of innovative methods of rational drug design for … She will lead a discussion of a book about Gertrude Bell, a British archaeologist, mountaineer, army officer, diplomat, and spy in World War I. Lawrence (the famous "Lawrence of Arabia") and helped formulate the British strategy of encouraging the Arabs to revolt against the Turks. In 1916 Bell was sent to Basra in Iraq as an assistant political officer. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gertrude-Bell, National Public Radio - Gertrude Bell, a Masterful Spy and Diplomat, Encyclopædia Iranica - Biography of Gertrude Bell, Gertrude Bell - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Gertrude Bell - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). When she was finally released, Arab hostility forced her to cut her journey short rather than continue to Riyadh as she had originally intended. Gertrude Bell is the sort of subject who requires both burdens to be carried well. Gertrude Bell: 7 Facts About Her Fascinating Life - Biography Deux années plus tard, elle suit les troupes britanniques traversant la Mésopotamie en direction de Bagdad afin de chasser l’armée ottomane. In May 1892, after leaving Oxford, Bell travelled to Persia to visit him. Bell was alone except for Arab servants and stayed in tents as well as in the houses of the wealthy, where her family could provide her with introductions. Bell was very involved in the political negotiations that divided the Arab world into new countries and established British political influence in the Middle East. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. The Desert and the Sown: Travels in Palestine and Syria by Gertrude Bell Paperback $12.25. Gertrude Bell Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Séverine Pierron — 25 mars 2017 à 13h33. Gertrude Bell's first love, however, was always archaeology, and as Honorary Director of Antiquities in Iraq, she established the now world-famous antiquities museum in Baghdad. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) was the best known traveler in the Middle East and Arabia in the years before World War I. She also went to the Shi'ite holy city of Karbala. Submitted Image. Only 19 left in stock (more on the way). Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell was born on July 14, 1868, in Durham, England. She was born in 1868 in the English countryside, into a world of privilege: a wealthy heiress, she could devote herself entirely to her passions … Née en 1868 dans l'Angleterre victorienne, Gertrude Bell est l'une des scientifiques les plus pluridisciplinaires du 20e siècle : une des premières femmes diplômées d'Oxford, elle est archéologue, alpiniste, photographe, écrivain et analyste politique britannique. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) is often dismissed simply as an intrepid lady explorer/amateur archaeologist: ‘The Daughter of the Desert or a kind of schoolgirl’s Lawrence of Arabia’, as H V F Winstone observes in his immaculately researched biography Gertrude Bell. The British intelligence bureau in Cairo hired Bell as an advisor on Arabia. In 1907 Bell returned to Asia Minor with the British archeologist Sir William Ramsay to help excavate early Christian churches. The book is entitled Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, written by Fergus Mason. Her per­son­al­ity was char­ac­terised by en­ergy, in­tel­lect, and a thirst for ad­ven­ture which shaped her path in life. Balls, receptions, and a life of privilege bring her only boredom. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gertrude-bell-30341.php Gertrude Bell - retrouvez toute l'actualité, nos dossiers et nos émissions sur France Culture, le site de la chaîne des savoirs et de la création. This item: Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell (Bio Shorts) by Fergus Mason Paperback $9.99. A virago, she was an Edwardian Great Explorer of the stamp history usually records and lauds in men. 'The … Gertrude Bell, Jonathan Cape, 1978. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion On 12 July 1926, Bell was discovered dead, of an apparent overdose of sleeping pills. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. She visited many ruins along the way and became interested in archeology. She was at one time the most powerful woman in the British Empire: a nation builder, the driving force behind the creation of modern-day Iraq. See Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914, by Gertrude Lowthian Bell, edited Rosemary O'Brien (already mentioned) and The Oxford Dictionary of National biography– though the the latter merely indicates that she worked for "military intelligence". Au Musée national d’Irak à Bagdad, dont Gertrude Bell fut à l’origine de la fondation et qui fut terriblement pillé suite à l’invasion américaine, il y avait autrefois un buste en sa mémoire sur lequel on pouvait lire: «Gertrude Bell, dont la mémoire sera toujours tenue en affection par les Arabes». Scott Jenkins; 0; 3516; 683; Gertrude Bell était un écrivain, archéologue et responsable politique britannique, connu pour avoir contribué à l'établissement de l'Irak moderne après la Première Guerre mondiale.. Synopsis. Gertrude Bell (1868-1926), ca. Gertrude Bell, A. and C. Black, 1958. Updates? The book is entitled Queen of the Desert: A Biography of the Female Lawrence of Arabia, Gertrude Bell, written by Fergus Mason.. Georgina Howell’s Gertrude Bell biography, reviewed here by Julia M. Asher-Greve, documents the life of this fascinating woman. During the spring of 1900 she went to visit the Druse in the mountains of southern Lebanon. Travels. Her grand­fa­ther was the iron­mas­ter Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, an in­dus­tri­al­ist and a Lib­eral Mem­ber of Par­lia­ment, in Ben­jamin Dis­raeli's sec­ond term. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Gertrude Bell’s great-great-grandfather was a Carlisle blacksmith, and her great-grandfather began the first alkali factory and iron foundry at Jarrow. She was skilled with languages, learning many throughout her life. She also had an unhappy love affair with a married man. Gertrude Bell: Explorer, Archaeologist, Diplomat and Spy (2013) British "Queen of Iraq" rests in Baghdad cemetery Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell, CBE (1868-1926) was an English writer, political officer, traveller, archaeologist, and administrator. • Bell, Gertrude (1897). Bell briefly returned to Britain in 1925, and found herself facing family problems and ill health. Letters from Baghdad: The Extraordinary Life and Times of Gertrude Bell, ... One example can be found in the 1983 first volume of William Manchester’s three-part biography of Winston Churchill, The Last Lion, where the caption for a famous photo of Bell, T.E. Author : Gertrude Bell File Size : 88.32 MB Format : PDF, Docs Download : 119 Read : 270 . Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Archaeologist, feminist, stateswoman and Iraq’s first director of antiquities, Gertrude Bell frequently traveled where no Western woman had gone before. 5.0 out of 5 stars A REMARKABLE BIOGRAPHY OF GERTRUDE BELL. Along the way Bell was robbed of her money and, most importantly, her notebooks. Née à New York d'un père dentiste émigré lituanien, elle a vu ses études bouleversées par les difficultés engendrées par la grande crise économique de 1929. Gertrude Bell, whose insights and behind the scenes investigations as well as her appreciation for the Arab culture led to a remarkable life as an adopted daughter of Iraq make for fascinating journalism. We still tend to see Gertrude Bell as a woman. In January 1905 Bell made her first extended trip to the Middle East. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. Gertrude Bell’s brilliant career at Oxford, where she took a first in history in 1887, was followed by some time spent in Tehrān, where her uncle Sir Frank Lascelles was British minister. James Buchan on the extraordinary life of Gertrude Bell… Gertrude Bell’s legacy is not recognized today, probably, because her personality and her achievements are still border-line for our epoch. It is not necessary to read the book to attend the event, but for those seeking winter reading, the book can be found online at various bookseller websites and is also available in Kindle format. She helped place the Hāshimite ruler Fayṣal I on the throne of Iraq in 1921. E. Benn, 1958 and 1961. She traveled through Syria to Cilicia and Konya in Asia Minor (Turkey). Gertrude B. Elion a joué un grand rôle dans les progrès des sciences pharmacologiques aux États-Unis. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £25. Burgoyne, Elizabeth. Bell returned in 1911 to revisit the great castle at Kheidir and crossed the desert between Damascus and Baghdad. She was also a writer and an archaeologist. Gertrude Bell stands between Samuel and pilot. Gertrude Bell : biography 14 July 1868 – 12 July 1926 Gertrude Bell received her early education from Queen’s College in London and then later at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University at age 17. Découvrez des commentaires utiles de client et des classements de commentaires pour [(Gertrude Bell: A Biography * *)] [by: H.V.F. Gertrude Bell Gertrude Margret Lowthian Bell, född 14 juli 1868 i Washington Hall, County Durham, England, Storbritannien, död 12 juli 1926 i Bagdad i Irak, var en brittisk forskningsresande och arkeolog. Gertrude Bell is best remembered for playing a key role in establishing modern-day Iraq after World War I. Gertrude Bell, la femme qui a dessiné l’Irak Temps de lecture : 7 min. Reviewed in the United States on July 16, 2013. GERTRUDE BELL. Gertrude Bell Biographie. - … Gertrude Bell was born on July 14, 1868 in Washington New Hall, County Durham, England as Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell. There she met a young diplomat and wrote to her parents asking for permission to marry him. Facing ill health and profound loneliness, Bell took a fatal dose of sleeping pills and died July 12, 1926, in Baghdad. Lisez des commentaires honnêtes et non biaisés sur les produits de la part nos utilisateurs. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. She spent much of the next decade travelling around the world, mountaineering in Switzerland, and developing a passion for archaeology and languages. This time she traveled to the city of Ha'il in the center of Arabia that had rarely been visited by Westerners. In 1899 Bell studied Arabic in Jerusalem. Explore books by Gertrude Bell with our selection at Waterstones.com. The Victorian Age saw the emergence of many individuals who made a name for themselves by adventure and exploration around the world, but for a woman to achieve her feats was phenomenal; not only did she escape from the restraints that Victorian society imposed on women, but she also entered a man's world and excelled. Gertrude Bell's tent, Saudi Arabia, 1913. Bell also visited Palmyra, the ruins of a Roman city in Jordan. She was born into a wealthy family and was an excellent student. Gertrude Bell was born into a wealthy family in the English county of Durham on July 14, 1868. Gertrude Bell and William Buick turn away from the stands before winning The Weatherbys Bank Cheshire Oaks at Chester racecourse on May 05, 2010 in... Theodolite belonging to Gertrude Bell, The Gill Memorial 1913 awarded to Gertrude Bell, 1913. This is the third biography that I've read on this remarkable woman and by far the best. Retrouvez Gertrude Bell: A Biography et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. During the spring of 1900 she went to visit t… Bell decided to return to Arabia to forget her unhappiness. Bell traveled to the Middle East for the first time in 1892 to visit her uncle, who was the British ambassador to Tehran in Persia (now Iran). She was transferred to Baghdad the following year, where she made her home for the rest of her life. She then went mountain climbing in the Alps and took two trips around the world with her brother. An Edwardian Great Explorer of the Desert and the Sown: Travels in Palestine and Syria by Gertrude,. 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